经典英语段落翻译练习

2017-06-14 19:18

英语是一种语言工具,学习英语的最终目标就是能利用这种工具与别人自由流畅的交流。小编整理了经典英语段落翻译,欢迎阅读!

经典英语段落翻译练习

经典英语段落翻译篇一

长江(Yangtze River)仅次于南美洲的亚马逊河(theAmazon River)与非洲的尼罗河(the Nile),是世界第三大河,亚洲第一大河。辽阔的长江流域,资源极为丰富,自古以来是中国最重要的农业经济区。今日长江,以上海为中心的长江三角洲经济区、武汉为中心的华中经济区和重庆为中心的西南经济区为依托,横贯东西,带动南北,成为经济发展的重要基地。多少年来,人们一直赞誉长江流域的四川盆地是“天府之国”,两湖地区是“鱼米之乡”。

参考翻译:

The Yangtze River ranks the longest river in Asia and the third longest river in the world, second only to the Amazon River in South America and the Nile in Africa.There are abundant resources in the vast Yangtze River basin. Since ancient times, the Yangtze River has been China's most important economic zone for agriculture. Today, the Yangtze River has become an important base of economic development across both east to west and north to south, supported by the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone centered in Shanghai, the Central China Economic Zone centered in Wuhan and the Southwest Economic Zone centered in Chongqing. Over the years, the Sichuan basin along the Yangtze River has been praised as the “Land of Abundance”,while Hubei and Hunan provinces are often called “a land flowing with milk and honey”.

1.世界第三大河,亚洲第一大河:即“世界第三长河,亚洲第一长河”,故译为the longest river in Asia and the thirdlongest river in the world。

2.辽阔的长江流域:其中“辽阔的”译为vast,“流域”译为basin。故此处译为the vast Yangtze River basin。

3.资源极为丰富:可使用there be句式,故译为There areabundant resources。

4.自古以来:可译为Since ancient times…或可用down the ages,from ancient times表达。

5.农业经济区:可译为economic zone for agriculture表达。

6.以上海为中心的长江三角洲经济区,武汉为中心的华中经济区,重庆为中心的西南经济区为依托:其中“上海为中心的长江三角洲经济区”可译为the Yangtze River Delta Economic Zone centered inShanghai;“武汉为中心的华中经济区”可译为the Central China Economic Zone centered in Wuhan; “重庆为中心的西南经济区”可用the Southwest Economic Zone centered in Chongqing;“以....为依托”则可使用过去分词结构based on或supported by。

7.横贯东西,带动南北:可译为across both east to west and north to south。

8.多少年来:可用 over the years或 for many years表达。

9.鱼米之乡:可译为a land flowing with milk and honey。

经典英语段落翻译篇二

紫禁城(the Forbidden City)坐落于北京市中心,又称故宫,是明清时期的皇宮。这座矩形宫殿是世界上最大的宫殿群。四周环绕着六米深的护城河(moat)和十米高的城墙。四面各有一门。护城墙四角各有一个精心建造的独特角楼。紫禁城被分成两部分:南面的部分即外朝(Outer Court),是皇帝行使最髙权力的地方;而北面的部分即内廷(Inner Court),是皇帝和皇室成员生活的地方。今天,紫禁城敞开大门,迎接国内外游客。

参考翻译:

Located at the center of Beijing, the Forbidden City,also called gu gong in Chinese, was the imperialpalace during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. In theshape of rectangle, it is the largest palace complexon earth. It is surrounded by a six-meter-deep moatand ten-meter-high city walls. There is a gate on each side of the walls, and on each of the fourcomers there is a unique and delicately structured tower. The Forbidden City is divided intotwo parts. The southern part, or the Outer Court, was where the emperor exercised hissupreme power over the nation. While the northern part, or the Inner Court, was where theemperor and his family lived. Nowaday, the Forbidden City is open to welcome tourists fromhome and abroad.

1.紫禁城:即the Forbidden City。

2.宫殿群:可译为palace complex。complex为“建筑群”之意。

3.精心建造的独特角楼:可译为a unique and delicatelystructured tower。

4.被分成两部分:可译为be divided into two parts。

5.皇帝行使最高权力的地方:可译为定语从句where theemperor excercised his supreme power over the nation。其中“最高权力”译为supreme power。

6.国内外:可译为home and abroad。

经典英语段落翻译篇三

农业是中国的重要产业。中国的农业产居世界首位,主要出产大米、小麦、土豆、花生、茶叶和棉花。尽管中国的可耕地(arable land)仅占世界的10%,但是中国却为世界上20%的人口提供粮食。由于中国是发展中国家且可耕地严重匮乏,中国的农业一直是劳动密集型(labor-intensive)。中国政府密切关注农业,加大投资力度,积极开展灌溉和水资源保护,以提髙农业生产的现代化水平,使得中国各类农产品的产品迅速增加。然而,由于人口众多,人均农产品产量很低。

参考翻译:

Agriculture is an important industry in China.Chinaranks first in agricultural output worldwide,primarilyproducing rice,wheat,potatoes,peanuts,tea,andcotton.Although accounting for only 10 percent ofarable land worldwide,China produces food for 20percent of the world's population.Due to China's status as a developing country and itssevere shortage of arable land,farming in China has always been the labor-intensiveindustry.Chinese government has been paying close attention to agriculture,increasing theinvestment and actively carrying out irrigation and water conservancy to improve themodernization of agricultural production,which leads to a high growth rate in China's outputof various agricultural products.However,due to the large population,the amount of theagricultural products per capita is small.

1.重要产业:可译为important industry。其中industry除了表示“产业”,还可表示“工业",例如heavy industry意为“重工业”。

2.仅占…的10%:可译为accounting for only 10 percentof.其中account for意为“占…比例”。

3.可耕地:可译为arable land。

4.密切关注:可译为pay close attention to。参考译文中用了现在完成进行时。

5.灌溉和水资源保护:可译为irrigation and water conservancy。

6.人均:可译为per capita。